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Carbohydrates on ZAGENO

D-(+)-Xylose 100 G Baker Analyzed® Biochemical Reagent Avantor Performance
From $ 193.27 (100 g)
Sizes 1 (100 g)
Catalog IDs X666-05
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D(+)-Xylose SKU: 42400003 bio-World
From $ 44.67 (25 g)
Sizes 3 (25 - 100 g)
Catalog IDs 42400003-1, 42400003-2, ...
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D-(+)-Glucose, ≥99.5% (GC) Sigma-Aldrich
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From $ 38.32 (1 kg)
Sizes 1 (1 kg)
Catalog IDs G8270-1KG
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D-Glucose-13C6 Sigma-Aldrich
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From $ 2,025.00 (10 g)
Sizes 1 (10 g)
Catalog IDs 389374-10G
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D-Glucose-1,2-13C2 Sigma-Aldrich
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From $ 176.00 (100 mg)
Sizes 1 (100 mg)
Catalog IDs 453188-100MG
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D-(+)-Dextrose, anhydrous, Affymetrix/USB Alfa Aesar
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From $ 54.00 (5 lb)
Sizes 3 (5 - 100 lb)
Catalog IDs J14535-5, J14535-25, ...
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Sucrose for molecular biology, ≥99.5% (GC) Sigma-Aldrich
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From $ 54.21 (1 kg)
Sizes 1 (1 kg)
Catalog IDs S0389-1KG
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CWPS (CELL WALL POLYSACCHARIDE), PURIFIED, 10 MG,(SSI® PNEUMOCOCCUS ANTIGENS) Cedarlane
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From $ 348.00 (10 mg)
Sizes 1 (10 mg)
Catalog IDs 3459(SS)
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Agar, Bacteriological Grade SKU: 10204 Cepham Life Sciences
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From $ 131.30 (500 g)
Sizes 2 (1 - 500 kg)
Catalog IDs 10204-1, 10204
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Agarose MS (Molecular Screening), PCR products 15bp-1200 bp DNA SKU: 10208 Cepham Life Sciences
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From $ 94.55 (25 g)
Sizes 3 (25 - 250 g)
Catalog IDs 10208, 10208-1, ...
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D(+)-Glucose, ACS reagent, anhydrous Acros Organics
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From $ 37.23 (500 g)
Sizes 2 (500 - 3000 g)
Catalog IDs 410955000, 410955000-case
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4-Formylphenyl ^b-D-allopyranoside, 98% Alfa Aesar
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From $ 33.32 (1 g)
Sizes 2 (1 - 5 g)
Catalog IDs J66102-03, J66102-06
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Carbohydrate Structure

Carbohydrates, depending on their size, are classified as either monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. All four groupings contain a high concentration of hydroxyl groups, the three core elements being carbon hydrogen and oxygen.

Problems in the lab? Find the solutions in our Knowledge and Troubleshooting sections. Alternatively, our Community of experienced researchers can help! Still confused? See How ZAGENO Works.

Classifications

Monosaccharides

Monosaccharides and disaccharides have low molecular weights and are classified as sugars; glucose and fructose are examples of monosaccharides, while disaccharides include sucrose and lactose.

Oligosaccharides

Oligosaccharides are no longer than ten monosaccharides in length. A subset known as probiotics have positive digestion effects; stimulating and suppressing different groups of bacteria in our intestines.

Polysaccharides

Polysaccharides, (carbohydrate polymers), are divided into homo- and heteropolysaccharides; either consisting of one type of monosaccharide or made up of multiple types of monosaccharides, respectively.

Homopolysaccharides include:

• Starch

• Cellulose

• Glycogen

• Beta-glucan

Heteropolysaccharides contain all dietary fibers:

• Hemicellulose

• Pectin

• Pentosan

• Guar Gum

• Carrageenan

Processing and Functions

Mitochondria break down carbohydrates to produce the energy-providing molecule: ATP. Whereas, in bacteria, the fermentation process can yield various products from the breakdown of carbohydrates, depending on the species of bacteria. Therefore carbohydrates are a useful bacterial identification tool. They are also used as part of cellular structures, such as receptors on the membrane