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Carbohydrates
DEAE Dextran
Scientific Score
1.28
Brand
AMRESCO
Sizes
1 (50 g)
Available From
1 Vendor
Price
$ 192.08
Catalog IDs
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Carbohydrates
D-Ribose SKU: 0671
Scientific Score
2.24
Brand
AMRESCO
Sizes
2 (50 - 100 g)
Available From
1 Vendor
Price Range
$ 56.99 - $ 107.23
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Carbohydrates
D-Sorbitol SKU: 0691
Scientific Score
2.36
Brand
AMRESCO
Sizes
3 (100 - 5000 g)
Available From
1 Vendor
Price Range
$ 15.00 - $ 95.94
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Carbohydrates
Glucose SKU: 0188
Scientific Score
3.21
Brand
AMRESCO
Sizes
6 (12 - 5000 kg)
Available From
1 Vendor
Price Range
$ 16.83 - $ 503.00
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Carbohydrates
Lactose Monohydrate
Scientific Score
1.45
Brand
AMRESCO
Sizes
1 (5 kg)
Available From
1 Vendor
Price
$ 137.60
Catalog IDs
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Carbohydrates
Methylcellulose 4000 Centipoises
Scientific Score
1.49
Brand
AMRESCO
Sizes
1 (250 g)
Available From
1 Vendor
Price
$ 145.88
Catalog IDs
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Carbohydrates
Hexakis (6-O-tertbutyl-dimethylsilyl)-α-cyclodextrin SKU : b4432
Scientific Score
1.76
Brand
Sigma-Aldrich
Sizes
1 (1 g)
Available From
2 Vendors
Price Range
$ 2,487.00 - $ 3,225.68
Catalog IDs
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Carbohydrates
Benzyl 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-α-D-galactopyranoside SKU : b4894
CAS Number
/
/
Molecular Formula
/
/
Molecular Weight
/
/
Scientific Score
7.82
Brand
Sigma-Aldrich
Sizes
3 (25 - 500 mg)
Available From
2 Vendors
Price Range
$ 107.00 - $ 1,660.18
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Carbohydrates
Aloin SKU : b6906
CAS Number
/
/
Molecular Formula
/
/
Molecular Weight
/
/
Scientific Score
7.21
Brand
Sigma-Aldrich
Sizes
2 (25 - 100 mg)
Available From
2 Vendors
Price Range
$ 79.00 - $ 355.50
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Carbohydrates
Biotin-β-D-glucopyranoside polyacrylamide SKU : b8807
Scientific Score
1.76
Brand
Sigma-Aldrich
Sizes
1 (1 mg)
Available From
2 Vendors
Price Range
$ 242.00 - $ 313.88
Catalog IDs
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Carbohydrates
α-Chloralose SKU : c0128
CAS Number
/
/
Molecular Formula
/
/
Molecular Weight
/
/
Scientific Score
8.72
Brand
Sigma-Aldrich
Sizes
4 (25 - 1000 g)
Available From
2 Vendors
Price Range
$ 42.83 - $ 1,530.00
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Carbohydrates
Chondroitin sulfate B sodium salt SKU : c3788
CAS Number
/
/
Molecular Formula
/
/
Molecular Weight
/
/
Scientific Score
6.58
Brand
Sigma-Aldrich
Sizes
2 (25 - 100 mg)
Available From
2 Vendors
Price Range
$ 72.00 - $ 282.73
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Carbohydrate Structure

Carbohydrates, depending on their size, are classified as either monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. All four groupings contain a high concentration of hydroxyl groups, the three core elements being carbon hydrogen and oxygen.

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Classifications

Monosaccharides

Monosaccharides and disaccharides have low molecular weights and are classified as sugars; glucose and fructose are examples of monosaccharides, while disaccharides include sucrose and lactose.

Oligosaccharides

Oligosaccharides are no longer than ten monosaccharides in length. A subset known as probiotics have positive digestion effects; stimulating and suppressing different groups of bacteria in our intestines.

Polysaccharides

Polysaccharides, (carbohydrate polymers), are divided into homo- and heteropolysaccharides; either consisting of one type of monosaccharide or made up of multiple types of monosaccharides, respectively.

Homopolysaccharides include:

• Starch

• Cellulose

• Glycogen

• Beta-glucan

Heteropolysaccharides contain all dietary fibers:

• Hemicellulose

• Pectin

• Pentosan

• Guar Gum

• Carrageenan

Processing and Functions

Mitochondria break down carbohydrates to produce the energy-providing molecule: ATP. Whereas, in bacteria, the fermentation process can yield various products from the breakdown of carbohydrates, depending on the species of bacteria. Therefore carbohydrates are a useful bacterial identification tool. They are also used as part of cellular structures, such as receptors on the membrane