Chemistry on ZAGENO
Whether you are homebrewing personal buffers and reagents or require certain materials to perform biological experiments, the lines between biology and chemistry tend to get blurred. Much of biology is carried out through chemical processes, and as such, biological labs tend to require chemical materials.
Many of the biological processes that occur within the cell are via chemical reactions. Biologically derived molecules are produced and give rise to all the processes which occur within a cell, and thus play functional roles in tissues, organs, and whole organisms. As such, when performing biological experiments, it follows to have general chemistry equipment at hand. Here, you will find the building blocks, catalysts, reagents, solvents, and other essential research materials necessary for all biological labs.
In preparing buffers, reagents, or any other useful liquid, often times solvents are required. These are substances which can dissolve a solute ( i.e. a solid, gas, or chemically distinct liquid), to form a continuous, uniform solution. One of the most common solvents used in the lab (and nature) is simply water. Water is a particularly useful solvent to degrade polar molecule and is often utilized by cells, as all ions and proteins are degraded in water within the cell.
Molecular grade water
Although not entirely intuitive, drinking water is not the cleanest water to be used in experiments. Indeed, it is often necessary to purify water through filtration or even autoclave to rid the water of its impurities. When performing molecular biological experiments, it is key to have the water free of DNases, RNases, and proteases. Such purified water is commonly referred to as molecular grade water.
Alcohols are defined as any organic compound containing a functioning hydroxyl group. This class of molecule has many uses within biochemical experiments, ranging from antiseptics and disinfectants to antifreeze and solvents. The most commonly used alcohol (and the most common in nature), is ethanol.