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Solvents

1,4-Dioxane, ACS reagent, ≥99.0%

Sigma-Aldrich

CAS Number
/
/
Chemical Name
/
/
Purity
/
/
From
$ 96.50 (0.5 L)
Sizes
5 (0.5 - 18 L)
Catalog IDs
360481-500ML, 360481-1L, ...
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Solvents

8270 Appendix IX Supplemental Mix 2 SKU : 861141

Supelco

CAS Number
/
/
Chemical Name
/
/
Purity
/
/
From
$ 47.00 (1 ml)
Sizes
1 (1 ml)
Catalog IDs
861141
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Solvents

Iodoacetic acid-1-13C SKU : 604119

Sigma-Aldrich

CAS Number
/
/
Chemical Name
/
/
Purity
/
/
From
$ 1,030.00 (500 mg)
Sizes
1 (500 mg)
Catalog IDs
604119-500MG
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Solvents

Ethylbenzene solution SKU : 612936

Sigma-Aldrich

CAS Number
/
/
Chemical Name
/
/
Purity
/
/
From
$ 125.00 (0.235 ml)
Sizes
1 (0.235 ml)
Catalog IDs
612936-1EA
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Solvents

Maleic acid SKU : 63189

Sigma-Aldrich

CAS Number
/
/
Chemical Name
/
/
Purity
/
/
From
$ 217.50 (1 kg)
Sizes
1 (1 kg)
Catalog IDs
63189-1KG
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Solvents

2-BUTANOL SKU: 24126

Honeywell

CAS Number
78-92-2
78-92-2
Chemical Name
/
/
Purity
Performance Grade Solvents
Performance Grade Solvents
From
$ 345.27 (30 kg)
Sizes
1 (30 kg)
Catalog IDs
24126-30KG
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Solvents

2-Propanol Laboratory Reagent, ≥99.5% SKU: 109827

Sigma-Aldrich

CAS Number
67-63-0
67-63-0
Chemical Name
/
/
Purity
Laboratory Reagent
Laboratory Reagent
From
$ 56.93 (1 L)
Sizes
7 (1 - 25 L)
Catalog IDs
109827-1L, 109827-2.5L, ...
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Solvents

Fluka HYDRANAL®-Formamide dry Solvent for KF titration SKU: 34724

Honeywell

CAS Number
75-12-7
75-12-7
Chemical Name
/
/
Purity
/
/
From
$ 95.21 (1 L)
Sizes
2 (1 - 6 L)
Catalog IDs
34724-1L, 34724-6X1L
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Solvents

Riedel-de Haen Acetonitrile R CHROMASOLV®, for liquid chromatography, =99.8% (GC) SKU: 34881

Honeywell

CAS Number
75-05-8
75-05-8
Chemical Name
/
/
Purity
for liquid chromatography
for liquid chromatography
From
$ 102.80 (1 L)
Sizes
4 (1 - 6 L)
Catalog IDs
34881-1L, 34881-2.5L, ...
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Solvents

Riedel-de Haen Dichloromethane ACS reagent, =99.5%, contains 40-150 ppm amylene as stabilizer SKU: 320269

Honeywell

CAS Number
75-09-2
75-09-2
Chemical Name
/
/
Purity
ACS Reagent
ACS Reagent
From
$ 64.39 (1 L)
Sizes
1 (1 L)
Catalog IDs
320269-1L
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Solvents

Riedel-de Haen tert-Butyl methyl ether puriss. p.a., =99.5% (GC) SKU: 20256

Honeywell

CAS Number
1634-04-4
1634-04-4
Chemical Name
/
/
Purity
puriss. p.a.
puriss. p.a.
From
$ 77.74 (1 L)
Sizes
2 (1 - 2.5 L)
Catalog IDs
20256-1L, 20256-2.5L
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Solvents

1,3-Propanediol, 99% SKU: 221500

Beantown Chemical

From
$ 55.23 (250 g)
Sizes
3 (1 - 250 kg)
Catalog IDs
221500-1KG, 221500-5KG, ...
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Solvent Function

The process of a substance dissolving another and forming an equally distributed solution is determined by a compound’s solubility. More specifically, in a solution, all of the ingredients are uniform with no remaining residues. The compound that breaks down the opposing molecule is known as the solvent; the compound that is dissolved is the solute. If this solvent-solute mixture cannot form a single liquid phase, then non-solution mixtures such as suspensions or emulsions are formed. Although one of the more common solvents is simply water, other solvents like which are better suited to dissolve specific solutes.

Problems in the lab? Find the solutions in our Knowledge and Troubleshooting sections. Alternatively, our Community of experienced researchers can help! Still confused? See How ZAGENO Works.

Types and Applications

Solvents are classified into two categories: polar and non-polar. There are exceptions to this, but they are rare (mercury is one such example). The dielectric constant is the measuring system used to determine polarity. Solvents whose dielectric constant is below 15 are nonpolar, whereas those above are polar. Polar solvents are further divided into protic and aprotic categories, depending on whether they solvate anions via hydrogen bonds or solvate positively charged molecules via their negative dipole.

The use of solvents in the lab range from cleaners, beauty product development, drug production, and other chemical syntheses.