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CAS Number
/
Molecular Formula
C14H15BrClNO6
C14H15BrClNO6
Molecular Weight
408.63
408.63
Scientific Score
2.43
Brand
Adipogen
Sizes
4 (1 - 250000 g)
Available From
1 Supplier
Price
$ 97.85
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n-Octyl-beta-D-thioglucopyranoside (ultrapure)
CAS Number
/
Molecular Formula
/
Molecular Weight
/
Scientific Score
2.14
Brand
Adipogen
Sizes
2 (1 - 5 g)
Available From
1 Supplier
Price
$ 48.46
Catalog IDs
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n-Dodecyl-alpha-D-maltoside (ultrapure)
CAS Number
/
Molecular Formula
/
Molecular Weight
/
Scientific Score
2.23
Brand
Adipogen
Sizes
3 (1 - 25 g)
Available From
1 Supplier
Price
$ 97.85
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n-Dodecyl-beta-D-maltoside (ultrapure)
CAS Number
/
Molecular Formula
/
Molecular Weight
/
Scientific Score
2.23
Brand
Adipogen
Sizes
3 (1 - 25 g)
Available From
1 Supplier
Price
$ 131.54
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IPTG (animal-free, dioxane-free)
CAS Number
/
Molecular Formula
/
Molecular Weight
/
Scientific Score
2.23
Brand
Adipogen
Sizes
3 (1 - 25 g)
Available From
1 Supplier
Price
$ 41.54
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D-(+)-Glucose Monohydrate
CAS Number
14431-43-7
14431-43-7
Molecular Formula
C6H14O7
C6H14O7
Molecular Weight
198.17
198.17
Scientific Score
3.58
Brand
Sigma-Aldrich
Sizes
1 (15000 g)
Available From
1 Supplier
Price
$ 367.00
Catalog IDs
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Mannitol
CAS Number
69-65-8
69-65-8
Molecular Formula
C6H14O6
C6H14O6
Molecular Weight
182.17
182.17
Scientific Score
1.08
Brand
USP
Sizes
1 (1500 mg)
Available From
1 Supplier
Price
$ 423.08
Catalog IDs
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Fructose
CAS Number
57-48-7
57-48-7
Molecular Formula
C6H12O6
C6H12O6
Molecular Weight
180.16
180.16
Scientific Score
2.04
Brand
USP
Sizes
1 (125 mg)
Available From
1 Supplier
Price
$ 361.54
Catalog IDs
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Sucrose SKU: 02904713
CAS Number
/
Molecular Formula
C12H22O11
C12H22O11
Molecular Weight
342.3
342.3
Scientific Score
3.02
Brand
MP Biomedicals
Sizes
3 (2267.96 - 45359.2 g)
Available From
2 Suppliers
Price Range
$ 41.59 - $ 334.72
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Glucose Oxidase from Aspergillus niger
CAS Number
/
Molecular Formula
/
Molecular Weight
/
Scientific Score
5.77
Brand
MP Biomedicals
Sizes
4 (10000 - 500000 Units)
Available From
2 Suppliers
Price Range
$ 45.64 - $ 579.82
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D-Mannitol
CAS Number
69-65-8
69-65-8
Molecular Formula
C6H14O6
C6H14O6
Molecular Weight
182.17
182.17
Scientific Score
6.48
Brand
MP Biomedicals
Sizes
3 (500 - 5000 g)
Available From
2 Suppliers
Price Range
$ 53.20 - $ 284.75
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Cephalexin Monohydrate
CAS Number
23325-78-2
23325-78-2
Molecular Formula
C16H19N3O5S
C16H19N3O5S
Molecular Weight
365.404
365.404
Scientific Score
4.13
Brand
MP Biomedicals
Sizes
3 (5 - 25 g)
Available From
2 Suppliers
Price Range
$ 114.55 - $ 410.88
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Carbohydrate Structure

Carbohydrates, depending on their size, are classified as either monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. All four groupings contain a high concentration of hydroxyl groups, the three core elements being carbon hydrogen and oxygen.

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Classifications

Monosaccharides

Monosaccharides and disaccharides have low molecular weights and are classified as sugars; glucose and fructose are examples of monosaccharides, while disaccharides include sucrose and lactose.

Oligosaccharides

Oligosaccharides are no longer than ten monosaccharides in length. A subset known as probiotics have positive digestion effects; stimulating and suppressing different groups of bacteria in our intestines.

Polysaccharides

Polysaccharides, (carbohydrate polymers), are divided into homo- and heteropolysaccharides; either consisting of one type of monosaccharide or made up of multiple types of monosaccharides, respectively.

Homopolysaccharides include:

• Starch

• Cellulose

• Glycogen

• Beta-glucan

Heteropolysaccharides contain all dietary fibers:

• Hemicellulose

• Pectin

• Pentosan

• Guar Gum

• Carrageenan

Processing and Functions

Mitochondria break down carbohydrates to produce the energy-providing molecule: ATP. Whereas, in bacteria, the fermentation process can yield various products from the breakdown of carbohydrates, depending on the species of bacteria. Therefore carbohydrates are a useful bacterial identification tool. They are also used as part of cellular structures, such as receptors on the membrane