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Carbohydrates
D(+)-Xylose SKU: 42400003
CAS Number
58-86-6
58-86-6
Molecular Formula
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/
Molecular Weight
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/
Scientific Score
3.48
Brand
bioWORLD
Sizes
3 (25 - 100 g)
Available From
1 Vendor
Price Range
$ 44.67 - $ 126.96
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Carbohydrates
Glucose Oxidase from Aspergillus niger
CAS Number
/
/
Molecular Formula
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/
Molecular Weight
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/
Scientific Score
5.77
Brand
MP Biomedicals
Sizes
4 (10 - 500 kU)
Available From
3 Vendors
Price Range
$ 44.34 - $ 596.29
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Carbohydrates
Baker-flex® Coated TLC Cellulose Sheets SKU: 4469
CAS Number
9004-34-6
9004-34-6
Molecular Formula
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/
Molecular Weight
/
/
Scientific Score
1.17
Brand
Avantor Performance
Sizes
1 (50 Units)
Available From
3 Vendors
Price Range
$ 271.55 - $ 352.48
Catalog IDs
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Carbohydrates
Dextrose 10Kg
CAS Number
/
/
Molecular Formula
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/
Molecular Weight
/
/
Scientific Score
2.77
Brand
BD
Sizes
1 (10 kg)
Available From
3 Vendors
Price Range
$ 444.20 - $ 576.94
Catalog IDs
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Carbohydrates
Dextran sulfate sodium salt SKU : 67578
CAS Number
/
/
Molecular Formula
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/
Molecular Weight
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/
Scientific Score
7.79
Brand
Sigma-Aldrich
Sizes
3 (5 - 100 g)
Available From
2 Vendors
Price Range
$ 134.00 - $ 1,086.90
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Carbohydrates
Dextran sulfate sodium salt from Leuconostoc spp. SKU : 68076
CAS Number
/
/
Molecular Formula
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/
Molecular Weight
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/
Scientific Score
7.54
Brand
Sigma-Aldrich
Sizes
2 (10 - 50 g)
Available From
2 Vendors
Price Range
$ 171.00 - $ 459.79
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Carbohydrates
Hyaluronic acid sodium salt from Streptococcus equi SKU : 75043
CAS Number
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/
Molecular Formula
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Molecular Weight
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Scientific Score
7.56
Brand
Sigma-Aldrich
Sizes
2 (10 - 50 mg)
Available From
2 Vendors
Price Range
$ 175.00 - $ 774.46
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Carbohydrates
Hyaluronic acid sodium salt from Streptococcus equi SKU : 75046
CAS Number
/
/
Molecular Formula
/
/
Molecular Weight
/
/
Scientific Score
7.54
Brand
Sigma-Aldrich
Sizes
2 (10 - 50 mg)
Available From
2 Vendors
Price Range
$ 175.00 - $ 774.46
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Carbohydrates
2,3,4-Tribenzoyl-L-rhamnopyranose SKU : 765252
CAS Number
/
/
Molecular Formula
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Molecular Weight
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/
Scientific Score
7.06
Brand
Sigma-Aldrich
Sizes
2 (1 - 5 g)
Available From
2 Vendors
Price Range
$ 93.10 - $ 471.76
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Carbohydrates
Fmoc-Thr[GalNAc(Ac)3-α-D]-OH SKU : 772437
CAS Number
/
/
Molecular Formula
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Molecular Weight
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/
Scientific Score
6.58
Brand
Sigma-Aldrich
Sizes
2 (25 - 100 mg)
Available From
2 Vendors
Price Range
$ 312.50 - $ 951.14
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Carbohydrates
Methyl 4,7,8,9-tetra-O-acetyl-N-acetylneuraminate SKU : 775673
CAS Number
/
/
Molecular Formula
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/
Molecular Weight
/
/
Scientific Score
6.85
Brand
Sigma-Aldrich
Sizes
2 (1 - 250 g)
Available From
2 Vendors
Price Range
$ 131.50 - $ 431.18
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Carbohydrates
Hepta-O-acetyl-lactose-1-O-trichloroacetimidate SKU : 776513
CAS Number
/
/
Molecular Formula
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/
Molecular Weight
/
/
Scientific Score
7.60
Brand
Sigma-Aldrich
Sizes
2 (1 - 5 g)
Available From
2 Vendors
Price Range
$ 400.00 - $ 1,382.32
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Carbohydrate Structure

Carbohydrates, depending on their size, are classified as either monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. All four groupings contain a high concentration of hydroxyl groups, the three core elements being carbon hydrogen and oxygen.

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Classifications

Monosaccharides

Monosaccharides and disaccharides have low molecular weights and are classified as sugars; glucose and fructose are examples of monosaccharides, while disaccharides include sucrose and lactose.

Oligosaccharides

Oligosaccharides are no longer than ten monosaccharides in length. A subset known as probiotics have positive digestion effects; stimulating and suppressing different groups of bacteria in our intestines.

Polysaccharides

Polysaccharides, (carbohydrate polymers), are divided into homo- and heteropolysaccharides; either consisting of one type of monosaccharide or made up of multiple types of monosaccharides, respectively.

Homopolysaccharides include:

• Starch

• Cellulose

• Glycogen

• Beta-glucan

Heteropolysaccharides contain all dietary fibers:

• Hemicellulose

• Pectin

• Pentosan

• Guar Gum

• Carrageenan

Processing and Functions

Mitochondria break down carbohydrates to produce the energy-providing molecule: ATP. Whereas, in bacteria, the fermentation process can yield various products from the breakdown of carbohydrates, depending on the species of bacteria. Therefore carbohydrates are a useful bacterial identification tool. They are also used as part of cellular structures, such as receptors on the membrane