Recognizes mouse Delta-like protein 4 (DLL4), one of the five major ligands of the Notch signalling pathway, which is activated through the binding of specific ligands to the Notch receptors Notch 1-4.
The Notch signalling pathway is an evolutionarily conserved pathway in multi-cellular organisms, which is vital for cell-cell communication, important during fundamental developmental and physiological processes, including regulation ofe cell fate decisions during neuronal, cardiac and endocrine development, stem cell haematopoiesis, thymic T-cell development, and both tumour progression and suppression.
Ligation of Notch receptors by their specific ligands, Jagged1 (CD339), Jagged2, Delta like-1 (DLL1), DLL3 and DLL4, on physically adjacent signal receiving cells, induces proteolysis of the receptors by ADAM-family metalloproteases and gamma-secretase complex, within the transmembrane domain, releasing the Notch intracellular domain (NICD) to translocate to the nucleus. Subsequent signal transduction then occurs through either the CSL-NICD-Mastermind complex cascade (canonical pathway), or NF-kappaB-NICD and CSL-NICD-Deltex complex signalling cascades (non-canonical pathway). The canonical pathway inhibits the differentiation of stem cells or progenitor cells, whilst the non-canonical pathway promotes differentiation.
DLL4 is expressed by vascular endothelium, and plays a vital role in embryonic vascular development. DLL4 signalling has been shown to play a role in the angiogenesis of clear-cell renal tumours, and pancreatic, bladder and colonic cancer. Studies have shown that DLL4 expression in endothelium cells, can be up-regulated by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic-FGF, and by HIF1 alpha, and that blockade of DLL4 inhibits tumour growth by promoting non-productive angiogenesis.
Suitable for use in Flow Cytometry. Other applications not tested.
Optimal dilutions to be determined by the researcher.
Storage and Stability:
Store product at 4°C before and after reconstitution. DO NOT FREEZE! Lyophilized and reconstituted products are stable for 12 months at 4°C after receipt. Reconstitute lyophilized powder with sterile ddH2O prior to use and store remainder as an undiluted liquid. Dilute required amount only prior to immediate use. Further dilutions can be made in assay buffer. Caution: PE conjugates are sensitive to light. For maximum recovery of product centrifuge the original vial prior to removing the cap.